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Indicators

Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.

Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).


Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. It will be extremely difficult for the addict to stop using the substance without external assistance, even when they want to.


The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.

The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:

  • It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
  • There may be abruptly increased craving. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. Sometimes, the user might have GI symptoms, like constipation or diarrhoea. With certain drugs, withdrawal can set off seizures, perspiration, hallucinations, violence and tremors.
  • Dependency persists in spite of health issues awareness - the person continues to use the substance often, in spite of the fact that they have developed diseases associated with it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
  • Recreational and/or social sacrifices - certain activities are relinquished because of a dependency to some substance. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
  • Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
  • Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
  • Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Obsession - figuring out the best way to access their substance and how to use it may occupy a greater part of their time and energy
  • Secrecy and solitude - often, addicts will take their substance alone and in secret.
  • Forswearing - a critical number of individuals who are dependent on a substance are trying to claim ignorance. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
  • Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
  • Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
  • Hoarding - Some will hide small amounts of the drugs in places others may not suspect in house, office or car.
  • Taking an underlying substantial measurements - this is basic with liquor abuse. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Having issues with the law - this is progressively a normal for some drug and liquor addictions (not nicotine, for instance). The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
  • Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. Even cigarettes, which in a few nations, for example, the UK, parts of Europe and the UK cost over '11 for a pack of twenty; a 40-a-day smoker in such a territory should set aside '660 every month, almost '8,000 every year.
  • Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.

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Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.