What Is Drug Addiction?
Substance dependency is a chronic illness that is identified by uncontrollable substance seeking and use, regardless of the harmful effects and alterations in the brain that can be permanent. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Drug compulsion is likewise a backsliding illness. Relapse means going back after some time, to using the substance one had stopped using.
Using drugs out of one's volition is the road that leads to drug addiction. However, over time, it becomes increasingly difficult for the person not to do so. The desire to search for and make use of drugs will now rely on a very huge urge. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. For most patients, long term often repeated care is needed to help them stop using and continue on to get their lives back.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
- Stop taking drugs
- Remaining drug-free
- be profitable in the family, at work and in the public arena
Principles Of Effective Treatment
These values have been observed since some scientific research was done in the mid-70s as the foundation for a successful recovery plan:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
- Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
- Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
- It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
- The most common forms of treatment are behaviour therapies like counselling.
- Together with psychological treatment, pharmaceutical drugs are also administered.
- To make sure the user's most current requirements are met, there is a need for continuous evaluations and adjustments to the treatment regime.
- Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
- Medically assisted detoxification is just the very first step of the treatment.
- For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
- During treatments, the use of drugs by the patient must be properly observed.
- The treatment programs must ensure that patients are tested for tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV/AIDS, and other infectious ailments, while they should also be informed about the best way to avoid contacting those.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
- detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
- behavioural counselling
- treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
- evaluation and treatment for mental health issues like anxiety and depression that co-occur with addiction
- long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.
- Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Cleansing the body is not the same as treatment, it only the beginning of the journey. Those who stop at detox will most likely relapse into drug abuse again. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
- Preventing Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
How Are Behavioural Therapies Used To Treat Drug Addiction?
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
- change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
- Upturn healthy life abilities
- carry on with other kinds of treatment, like medication
There are a lot of settings and approaches for patients who are seeking treatment.
Outpatient behavioural treatment comprises a big range of programmes for patients who go to a behavioural health counsellor regularly. Personal or group drug counselling or both of them are included in majority of the programs.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
- Cognitive behavioural therapy, which teaches patients how to recognize, avoid, and deal with any situation that will make them more likely to use drugs
- Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
- Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
- Motivational incentives, which uses positive reinforcement to encourage continued abstinence
Initially, a patient will receive many hours of treatment and will have to frequently attend clinical sessions if they opted for the outpatient therapies. regular outpatient treatment that involves fewer meeting hours few days of the week after the intensive treatment in the bid to ensure a sustained healing process.
For people with problems of high severity (plus co-occurring disorders), residential or inpatient programs will have better effects. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
- Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The entire community, comprising treatment employees and patients in recovery, act as essential agents of change, affecting the patient's understanding, attitude, as well as conduct linked with substance use.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
- Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Substance abuse alters the functioning of the brain, and several things can activate a craving for the substance within the brain. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.